Bicep tendon rupture

Health Plus Physical Therapy Center

Physical Therapy center located at 2114 Oak Tree Rd, Edison, NJ 08820

At Health Plus, we provide tailored therapy services to address various conditions and injuries. Our goal is to help you regain mobility, alleviate pain, and enhance your well-being. With advanced techniques and compassionate care, we’re here to support your journey to recovery.

Bicep Tendon Rupture:

Bicep tendon rupture occurs when the tendons attaching the bicep muscle to the shoulder or elbow are torn, leading to pain, weakness, and a noticeable deformity. Understanding the anatomy, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options is crucial for managing this condition effectively.


The bicep muscle has two tendons, known as the long head and short head, connecting to the shoulder and elbow. These tendons play a vital role in arm movement, particularly in flexion and supination.


  1. Trauma: Sudden force or impact on the arm, often seen in falls or accidents.
  2. Overuse: Repetitive overhead activities, weightlifting, or sports that strain the bicep muscle.
  3. Aging: Tendons may weaken and become more susceptible to rupture with age.


  1. Sudden, Sharp Pain: Immediate and intense pain at the time of injury.
  2. Audible Pop or Snap: Some individuals report hearing a popping sound during the injury.
  3. Weakness: Difficulty in lifting or using the affected arm.
  4. Bruising and Swelling: Bruising and swelling around the bicep or elbow.
  5. Deformity: A noticeable bulge or gap in the muscle, indicating tendon rupture.


  1. Clinical Examination: Assessment of symptoms, physical examination, and evaluation of arm strength.
  2. Imaging Studies: MRI or ultrasound to confirm the tendon rupture and assess its severity.

Treatment Options:

  1. Conservative Management:

    a. Rest: Avoiding activities that strain the bicep tendon. b. Ice: Applying ice to reduce swelling. c. Pain Management: Over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers. d. Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation exercises to improve strength and flexibility.

  2. Surgical Intervention:

    a. Bicep Tenodesis: Reattaching the tendon to a different location for stability. b. Bicep Tenotomy: Partial or complete cutting of the damaged tendon, often considered for older individuals.

  3. Immobilization:

    a. Sling or Brace: Supporting the arm to limit movement during the healing process.


Structured rehabilitation is essential for restoring strength, flexibility, and function of the affected arm. It typically involves gradual reintroduction of exercises and activities.


  1. Proper Warm-up: Adequate warm-up before engaging in strenuous activities.
  2. Strengthening Exercises: Regular exercises to maintain bicep strength.
  3. Technique Correction: Ensuring proper form during exercises and activities.


Bicep tendon rupture requires prompt attention for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Whether through conservative measures or surgical intervention, a comprehensive approach to rehabilitation is crucial for a successful recovery. Seeking medical assistance immediately upon experiencing symptoms such as sudden pain, weakness, or deformity is essential for optimal outcomes.

Related Conditions:

Rotator Cuff Tears

Labral Tears s

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Glenohumeral Instability

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