Osteoarthritis of knee

Health Plus Physical Therapy Center

Physical Therapy center located at 2114 Oak Tree Rd, Edison, NJ 08820

At Health Plus, we provide tailored therapy services to address various conditions and injuries. Our goal is to help you regain mobility, alleviate pain, and enhance your well-being. With advanced techniques and compassionate care, we’re here to support your journey to recovery.

Understanding Knee Meniscal Tear:

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a degenerative joint condition that primarily affects the cartilage in the knee joint. As one of the most common forms of arthritis, OA can significantly impact an individual’s mobility and quality of life. Here’s a comprehensive guide to understanding and managing osteoarthritis of the knee.


The knee joint consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and synovial fluid. In osteoarthritis, the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced joint function.


  1. Pain: Persistent pain, especially during weight-bearing activities or after prolonged periods of inactivity.
  2. Stiffness: Reduced flexibility and increased stiffness, particularly in the morning or after periods of rest.
  3. Swelling: Inflammation around the knee joint.
  4. Grating Sensation: A feeling of grinding or grating when the knee is in motion.
  5. Joint Deformities: Advanced cases may lead to visible joint deformities.


  1. Age: The risk of developing osteoarthritis increases with age.
  2. Joint Overuse: Repetitive stress on the knee joint due to activities or occupations that involve frequent bending and kneeling.
  3. Genetics: Family history can contribute to an increased susceptibility to osteoarthritis.
  4. Joint Injuries: Previous knee injuries or trauma can predispose individuals to osteoarthritis.


  1. Clinical Examination: Healthcare professionals assess symptoms, joint function, and medical history.
  2. Imaging Studies: X-rays and MRI scans can help visualize the extent of cartilage loss and joint damage.


  1. Pain Management: Over-the-counter or prescription medications to alleviate pain and inflammation.
  2. Physical Therapy: Tailored exercises to improve joint flexibility, strengthen surrounding muscles, and enhance overall mobility.
  3. Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight to reduce stress on the knee joint.
  4. Assistive Devices: Use of braces, canes, or other supportive devices to reduce joint strain.
  5. Injections: Corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections to provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation.
  6. Surgical Options: In severe cases, surgical interventions such as arthroscopy, joint realignment, or joint replacement may be considered.

Treatment Options:

  1. Immobilization: Stabilizing the knee through braces or crutches to prevent further injury.
  2. Surgery: In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair or remove the torn meniscus.
  3. Rehabilitation: Physical therapy programs play a vital role in restoring functionality and promoting recovery after a meniscal tear.

Lifestyle Modifications:

  1. Low-Impact Exercise: Engaging in activities such as swimming or cycling that are gentle on the knee joint.
  2. Joint Protection: Avoiding activities that place excessive strain on the knee, such as high-impact sports.
  3. Heat and Cold Therapy: Applying heat or cold packs to alleviate pain and stiffness.

Psychosocial Support:

Dealing with chronic pain and reduced mobility can impact mental well-being. Access to counseling, support groups, and coping mechanisms is essential for holistic management.


  1. Proper Warm-up: Adequate warm-up before physical activities can prepare the muscles and joints, reducing the risk of injury.
  2. Technique Correction: Ensuring proper body mechanics and technique during sports activities can help prevent unnecessary stress on the knee joint.
  3. Strength Training: Strengthening the muscles around the knee provides added support and protection.


Osteoarthritis of the knee is a chronic condition that requires a multifaceted approach to management. By combining medical interventions, lifestyle modifications, and psychosocial support, individuals can effectively navigate the challenges posed by osteoarthritis and maintain an active and fulfilling life. Early diagnosis and proactive management are crucial for optimizing outcomes and preserving knee function.

Related Conditions:

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)

Meniscal Tear


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